Munich, the capital of Bavaria and the third largest city in Germany, lies on the river Isar, on the outskirts of the Bavarian Alps. The central point of the historical center of Munich is the large open square, the Marienplatz, where the old and new town halls meet. One of the most popular cities in Germany to visit, Munich is also famous for its many churches, including Peterskirche, the oldest church in the center of the city built during the Romanesque period. Given the many tourist attractions, museums and galleries, expect to spend at least a few days exploring the many treasures of Munich.
- Munich’s Magnificent Residenz
For centuries, the seat of the Dukes, Electors and Kings of Bavaria, the Residence of Munich is undoubtedly one of the most spectacular palaces in Europe. Arranged around seven large courtyards, the vast Residenz complex comprises three main sections: Königsbau, opposite Max-Joseph-Platz; the Alte Residenz, in front of Residenzstrasse; and the Festsaalbau (Banquet Room) overlooking the Hofgarten. The first section of this huge complex to be built was the magnificent Antiquarium, built in 1579 and now part of the excellent Residenz Museum.
Marienplatz is the central square of the city since the founding of Munich, and until 1807, it was where the markets were held, along with the occasional medieval jousting tournament. Other notable points of interest include the column of the Virgin (Mariensäule), erected in 1638, and the Fountain of Fishes (Fischbrunnen), a more recent addition that includes bronze figures rescued from a previous source of the 19th century.
3. Dachau Concentration Camp
The Dachau concentration camp, 10 miles northwest of Munich, was one of the first concentration camps in Nazi Germany and would serve as a model for all subsequent camps in the Third Reich.The visitors of Dachau follow the “prisoner’s way”, walking in the same way that the prisoners were forced to arrive after their arrival at the camp. You will see the original prison baths, the barracks, the courtyards and the crematorium, as well as a large exhibition and several memorials.